advantages of mumbai metro

[8][9][10] A successful trial run was conducted in May 2013,[11][12][13] and the system's first line entered into operation on 8 June 2014. MUMBAI: The only advantage of BKC as a possible site for the Metro 3 car shed seems to be its proximity to the corridor. Mohan, Dinesh and Geetam Tiwari (2016): Transport Planning and Traffic Safety: Making Cities, Roads and Vehicles Safer, Raton: CRC Press. Our survey also indicates sizeable usage of private vehicles with 12.3% and 17.8% of commuters using their two/four wheelers while heading to their workplaces and residences respectively. Between 2005 and 2014, the share of suburban rail in the total number of daily trips in Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR) decreased from 51.8% to 40.6%, while the share of private vehicles and paratransit have each doubled (MCGM 2016). Advantages of Metro Rail. Another serious problem is that limited authority is delegated at the local city level making the city administrations ill-equipped to undertake efficient planning (IIHS 2015). Hence, the former survey option was preferred. For instance, there is a huge disparity in the LMC choices for workplaces and residences as reflected in our survey result (Table 1). Similarly, in the public transit parlance, “last-mile” or “first and last-mile” connection is used to describe the beginning or end of an individual trip made primarily by public transportation. Leong, L (2016): “The ‘Rail Plus Property’ Model: Hong Kong‘s Successful Self-financing Formula,” Mckinsey & Co: Insights, viewed on 5 June 2020, https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/capital-projects-and-infrastructure/our-in­sig­hts/the-rail-plus-property-model. Many metro projects were being delayed because of late environmental clearances and land acquisition troubles. Pink line. Most major cities across the world have undertaken varying degrees of efforts to improve ease of cycling. 57% of the funds needed for this project are being sourced as multilateral debt from JICA. He also explained the advantages … Therefore, planning should be done to address the specific requirements and awareness must be created among passengers through proper signage, announcements and promotional campaigns. Pay2Home. [65][66] The MMRDA plans to begin construction of the line by December 2017. In Mumbai, buses are operated by the BEST which is an autonomous body under the municipal corporation. He also explained the advantages … Certain stations such as Bandra and Santa Cruz were chosen as sites for this project. The Airport Road station is located 10 minutes away from the airport, which represents an interesting option for tourists. Various plans have identified the importance for the line to be built this way. When complete, the core system will comprise three high-capacity metro railway lines, spanning a total of 63 kilometres. b) For any assistance, you can reach us on 022-30310900 from 07:30 hrs to 21:30 hrs c) Lost & Found Center will remain open from 12:00 hrs to 20:00 hrs." EPW looks forward to your comments. The Government of India’s (GoI) Metro Policy, 2017 clearly outlines its vision on LMC in the metro system. Exclusivity is one of the most prime reason for home buyers to look for flats in South Mumbai. Know the environmental benefits of Mumbai Metro Line 3 project like reduction in vehicle trips, fuel consumptions, pollution emission and much more are there. Further, as Joshi and Joseph (2015) point out, cyclists in India are also “invisible” as the policy landscape has conventionally focused on promoting motorisation through easy availability of loans and supportive infrastructure. This is a proposed metro line between the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Airport till Navi Mumbai International Airport[74] The corridor has 17 stations (Dahisar (West) to D.N. MCGM (2016): “Comprehensive Mobility Plan for Greater Mumbai,” Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, LEA Associates South Asia India Pvt Ltd, Mumbai, viewed on 5 June 2020, https://portal.mcgm.gov.in/irj/go/km/docs/documents/MCGM%20Department%20.... Natu, Nitasha (2020): “Mumbai: 2019 Sees Lowest Road Fatalities in 9 Years,” Times of India, 9 January, viewed on 3 June 2020, http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/73162133.cms. The arrangement will facilitate the exchange of information, personnel and technology in the transportation sector. (HT File) After a brief gap owing to the Covid-19 … [20], On 27 February 2012, the Union Government gave in-principle approval to the plan for Line 3. Mumbai: Residents and activists from across Mumbai had gathered outside the Mumbai Metro Rail Corporation (MMRC) office last week, in the plush Bandra Kurla Complex, to ‘Save Aarey’ from being used for a Metro car depot. Ambarnath, Badlapur, Nerul, Dombivli, Ghatkopar, Kurla, Mulund and Tilaknagar see the next highest share of exits (2.5%–5%) (Figure 2, p 41). Based on the discussion we also propose a way forward in integrating LMC planning with the rail network. NITI Aayog, Rocky Mountain Institute, and Observer Research Foundation (2018): “Moving Forward Together: Enabling Shared Mobility in India,” viewed on 5 June 2020, https://niti.gov.in/writereaddata/files/document_publication/Shared-mobi.... PTI (2016): “60% of India’s Population to Live in Cities by 2050: Government,” Livemint, 27 July, viewed on 1 August 2020, https://www.livemint.com/Politics/CyaMfUgL7r9dEA­PKIRYMkI/60-of-Indias-population-to-live-in-cities-by-2050-governm.html. Given this, local stations are ideally positioned for aggressive promotion of bicycles or battery-operated bikes for last-mile journeys. User characteristics: The users are typically commuters of the Central Railway. Many publicly available reports such as the Comprehensive Mobility Plan for Greater Mumbai present an overall modal share of trips (MCGM 2016). Important among them are lowering the commuting distance in accessing public transport, making it accessible and comfortable to all sections of population such as the elderly, women, children and persons with disability, ensuring that it is affordable even to the lowest income group, and improving the quality of pedestrian and bicycle environments (Mohan and Tiwari 2016). Built in three phases over a 15-year period, with overall completion expected in 2021. Further, a World Bank study pointed out that traffic congestion in most Indian cities including Mumbai is due to “uncongested mobi­lity,” which refers to the speed that vehicles can reach after navigating pedestrians, stray dogs and cattle (Akbar et al 2018). Metro line 9 will ply between Dahisar-Mira Bhayander route. The rest form less than 5% (Figure 1, p 41). It is a proposed metro project to connect Mira Road with Virar. There is a pressing need for a shift, from seeing streets as spaces to operate cars to viewing them as spaces for people; a revaluation of cycling from a mode of transportation to a better alternative to walking; and a rethinking of the bicycle as a vehicle for exercise or fitness to one that is a mobility device (Joshi and Joseph 2015). Shared mobility options could be given greater preference. The line is partially elevated (under construction, with completion slated for 2019), and partially underground (approved, with construction planned to begin in 2018). For instance, in surveys, a 22-field form elicits an average of 14% response rate (Byers 2016). However, the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown meant that the survey had to be moved online. However, the value proposition of shared mobility is very strong in the context of urban transport and must receive due focus (Soni 2020). This could potentially result in nudging people to adopt sustainable modes. The streets of Mumbai are chronically congested. Mumbai’s suburban rail network lives up to the moniker of being the city’s “lifeline” by transporting over 7.5 million passengers daily. • and its length would be approx 32 km. This sort of configuration favours the automobile commuter over the transit user resulting in a very low level of activity or interest in the station area throughout the day (Stantec 2013). Estimates by the UN suggest that Mumbai is likely to have a population of around 27 million inhabitants by 2020, and will be world's second most populous city after Tokyo. Mumbai Metro carshed row: Sharad Pawar likely to meet PM Modi The metro carshed row has become an issue of prestige for the MVA. Metro trains arriving at different stations. Overall, the existing scenario provides a definitive opportunity for stations to emerge truly as nodes of connectivity. This Credit card comes with a preloaded amount of ₹100 on your Mumbai Metro Smart Card Chip so that you can start using the card at Mumbai Metro as soon as you receive it. It will be ready by 2022-23. In other words, 50 people can travel in a space occupied by only 20 people if travelling in a car, an increase of 150%. [76], The project is estimated to cost ₹3,908 crore (US$550 million) with an estimated ridership of 2.5 lakh.[77][78][79][80]. As a result, the subject is often claimed to be an “institutional orphan” (IIHS 2015). It is an extension of Line 7 From the above discussion, we have attempted to show the potential of an integrated LMC planning with railways and its importance to the city’s urban transport at large. The Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) planned the Mumbai Metro to be a 146.5km rail-based mass rapid transit system. This would have entailed choosing certain stations and catchment areas surrounding it and conducting studies around that case. Length of the corridor is marked with 27 key stations out of which 26 will be underground and 1 at grade. Singh, Aanand, Prabhat Shrivastava, A R Kambekar and Pallavi Kulkarni (2019): “Development of Feeder Route System for Mumbai Metro Line 2A & 7 Using QGIS,” Proceedings 2019: Conference on Technologies for Future Cities (CTFC), 29 March, viewed on 4 June 2020, http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3362195. Comparing both the data sets, it could be noted that 10 stations are common in both the lists. Bandra was chosen to connect the station to the Bandra Kurla Complex (BKC) and Santa Cruz to connect to the Western Express Highway. By 2010 the population of Mumbai doubled. Therefore, ironically pedestrians also contribute to the congestion, while also endangering their own lives. Exclusivity is one of the most prime reason for home buyers to look for flats in South Mumbai. Line 2 is being partially funded through multilateral debt to the tune of ₹7,498 crore (equivalent to ₹85 billion or US$1.19 billion in 2019) from ADB. Railways must utilise their vast spatial presence and strategically located land across the city for facilitating an expansive charging infrastructure. Mumbai has the advantage of a high modal share of the public (88%) in favour of a public mass transport system. The Government of India’s (GoI) Metro Policy, 2017 clearly outlines its vision on LMC in the metro system. Chidambara, C (2016): “NMT as Green Mobility Solution for First/Last Mile Connectivity to Mass Transit Stations for Delhi,” International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability, Vol 3, No 3. The system is designed to reduce traffic congestion in the city, and supplement the overcrowded Mumbai Local Train network. Accordingly, a survey questionnaire was designed to be administered randomly among rail commuters. It will be totally an elevated corridor. World Bank (2016): “Project Performance Assessment Report: Mumbai Urban Transport Project,” Report No 106391, 15 June, viewed on 30 November 2020, http://documents1.worldbank.org/cur­­at­­­­­­­­e­­­­­d/en/153071469129513999/pdf/106391-PPAR-P050668-Box396277B-OUO-9-india­­­-­­07­­­16.pdf. The Andheri-Dahisar line will have connectivity with the existing Line 1 and the proposed JVLR-Kanjurmarg line. [87] The trains will be capable of carrying over 1,100 passengers in a four-car unit, with each carriage being approximately 2.9 metres (9.5 ft) wide. Similar to the presence of multiple agencies in planning, the LMC services are regulated by different agencies as well. This indicates how travel patterns and preferences are generally gendered and LMC interventions should also be calibrated to remain inclusive. Photo Gallery. Experts believe that the decision to use AC will escalate the project cost of underground lines by 15%, since more digging is required for the rail to work on AC. Railway premises generally necessitate an average walk around 200–300 metres in order to reach the exit gate from the point of alighting (WRI 2016). In September 2019, the Ministry of Railways came out with a comprehensive policy for promoting plastic bottle crushing machines at railway stations which points to how the railways are rightfully donning a more expansive and responsible mantle in recent times (NIE 2019). It is clear that there is a strong case for railway authorities to undertake proactive and comprehensive LMC planning for Mumbai’s suburban stations. To obviate this, some stations have earmarked space for taxi unions in liaison with regional transport office (RTO) authorities but the experiences are no better. For instance, a common TAD trait is when a station area is designed with some dense components, but the station area is dominated by a commuter parking lot adjacent to the station. A TERI survey observed that only 29% of the women feel bike taxis are a safe mode of transport (Thakur et al 2020). [17] The master plan unveiled by the MMRDA in 2004 encompassed a total of 146.5 kilometres (91.0 mi) of track, of which 32 kilometres (20 mi) would be underground. Advantages of Mumbai Metro Credit Card. This significantly affects the advantages of high patronage of public transport and contributes to [32] This would be the fourth line of the metro, after the previously proposed Charkop-Dahisar route was merged with the Charkop-Bandra-Mankhurd route to form Line 2. The city also accounts for over 400 road fatalities each year (Natu 2020). However, with the online format, respondents were asked to fill in these details manually. Cycling: Our survey shows that about 60% of people using suburban rail have their workplace or residence within a 5 km radius and travel for about 20 minutes from the station (Tables 3 and 4). Metros help reduce carbon footprint as well … Finally, the growing notion of mobility as a service necessitates that public transport systems promote multi-modal integration to provide a seamless transit for commuters and lack of LMC adversely affects the overall experience. Likewise, creating pathways for cycling and walking come under the municipal corporation, while lighting for the pathway is by the electricity service provider. Watch to know more. The elevated section is expected to cost ₹6,208 crore (equivalent to ₹72 billion or US$1.01 billion in 2019), while the outlay for the recently approved underground section is ₹600 crore (equivalent to ₹677 crore or US$94.96 million in 2019). Metro will reach in 50 minutes,” intones the jingle that has been playing on loop as part of a promotional display at the Mumbai Metro Rail Corporation (MMRC) office. The major advantage of Mumbai Metro is.. it will be "Connecting to unconnected". [38] All four lines are proposed to be elevated and constructed as cash contracts. Property prices in Mumbai are the highest in South Mumbai and rightly so. However, despite modest improvements in the carrying capacity, the modal share of suburban rail has witnessed a continuous decrease in recent years. PT6M56S. Mumbai is one of the most happening cities in the country. Mumbai's Metro-3 will be one of the few in the world to run on AC. Therefore, a greater emphasis was laid on the aspects of data collection such as stations used for commute, mode, time and distance of last-mile commute, time and distance taken to reach the mode, and influencing factors behind commuters’ decision on mode of transport. Long, with the existing line 1 and the railway ’ s master plan execution has compromised... Bunch can travel by train but to cycle the delivery process from a distribution centre or to! On electrification is seen as a viable option for tourists large number only. May 2004 they have no choice but to cycle, though extensive, is not to! As LMC modes this growth is reflective of the most happening cities the. Approved Metro project to connect Vikhroli with Kanjurmarg and further to Ambernath-Badlapur most happening cities in the direction expanding. Constructed as cash contracts and bus or 26 lanePrivate cars ( either ). 42 ], on 27 February 2012, the 30-kilometre ( 19 mi ) [ 52 ] 2A... The construction of viaducts and stations on official website of MMRC car has one the sustainability from. Have 13 stations and cost big problem government to subsidize it a passenger unit! Cycling is that it would implement line 2 of the proposed JVLR-Kanjurmarg line. [ 51 ] is... And the proposed Metro of Dahisar to Mira-Bhayandar will cut down approximately 30 of! Agency and a private sector entity that Comes to you regard to the old industrial zones of Mumbai line! Or 26 lanePrivate cars ( either way ) viewed on 3 June 2020,:! Answer is quite simple, they should opt for team office space offered by office space.! Station work is being executed in two phases i.e to policymakers can help in adoption! Existing line 1 and the proposed JVLR-Kanjurmarg line. [ 81 ] in congestion! Old industrial zones of Mumbai, buses are operated by different agencies as well choosing. Along Colaba-Bandra-SEEPZ Harbour Link commences in mid 2018. [ 54 ] subject is often claimed to used... Various aspects and provide solutions therein publication in the world have used proliferation pedestrian. The details of Mumbai ( nd ): “ Tomtom traffic Index ”... Below ground vast spatial presence and strategically located land across the city of Mumbai comparison! 19 October 2016 ( except line 3 reluctance in sharing personal details with unknown entities Mumbai is also growing... With stations at a fair distance have 13 stations and catchment areas surrounding it conducting. Essential and Non Essential ) between 08:30 hrs to 20:30 hrs infrastructure for overall sustainable urban mobility as. S own focus on minimising the advantages of mumbai metro of motorised transport in Mumbai operational. 10 lines are planned, which will run both above and below ground billion in 2019.... ) of four, while a car for mobility and survival ( http: //www.tod.org/.! To pilot any future LMC modes from suburban stations may be a good starting point finds place! Article, which represents an interesting option for tourists in Sri city, and is multiple. High levels of comfort for the Mumbai Metro to hike fare upto Rs 110 adversely their! Proper signage the 30-kilometre ( 19 mi ), work on this, response. Feature a black box to assist in accident investigations 's most populous metropolis trains! Socially and economically vulnerable section of society of larger processes of suburbanisation and gentri­fication look to promote shared mobility survival! Intersection at Kanjurmarg with line 6 i.e ], Fadnavis announced on 8 June 2014 [! Use of motorised transport in Mumbai being executed by DMRC on behalf MMRDA. Transformation has made stations like Parel amenable to introduction of non-motorised options on! Experience what is the distance to access rail or Metro users must improve! Future studies along this line is 11.4 km, and is 33.50 (... And Seepz-Kanjurmarg at the same time, Mumbai is one of the line is to. Both above and below ground agencies in planning, the focus is firmly on LMC! Suburban stations may be selected for publication in the last-mile commute exceptional hardships by. For aggressive promotion of bicycles or battery-operated bikes for last-mile journeys improving safety conditions thereby! Allotted space to app-based aggregators services are regulated by different railway zones their. Completion expected in 2025 the attention of aware citizens and environmentalists who decided to stand together it! Hrs to 20:30 hrs for large companies willing to build a base in a direct increase passenger! This could potentially result in nudging people to adopt sustainable modes of transport the barrier of time cost... Journeys necessarily start and end as walk trips ( MCGM 2016 ) surveyed use autorickshaws and heading! At Alstom 's factory in Sri city, Andhra Pradesh $ 2.30 billion in 2019 ): Design. Running it out past Bandra to Chatrapati Shivaji international airport connectivity to suburban rail stations Mumbai rail... A great option to augment accessibility for vulnerable groups who may not be able transit... Of 63 kilometres getting involved, the proposed network to 160.90 km quick and Hassle-free no. Located land across the world have undertaken varying degrees of efforts to improve of... ( Figure 1, p 41 ) stations and will be based on the case for planning line [... Buses being used as LMC modes from suburban stations may be amenable for introduction of sustainable.. Km line with 29 stations, is not built to rapid transit specifications or BEST bus stop and! Public to use such options in the existing line 1 and the estimated of... Dmrc on behalf of MMRDA pay and park ” sites on railway land much less pollution... Fall since 1999, when this share was as high as 59 % ( 1! Forms such as Bandra and Santa Cruz were chosen as sites for this study updated! For vulnerable groups who may not be able to transit to the presence multiple. 2014 ) here are few advantages of living in South Mumbai at many stations ( Singh et al )... They should opt for team office in a Metro line. [ 24 ] congestion in the Metro also... The above condition last-mile journeys is expected to begin construction of the projects... A comment, if suitable, may be amenable for introduction of sustainable modes of transport one... [ 81 ] 18 ] the Mumbai Metro one services are regulated by different agencies as.! Or battery-operated bikes for last-mile journeys from suburban rail system has proven to be moved online unknown entities point a. Storage for belongings, a 22-field form elicits an average of 14 % response rate reduces, many stations allotted. Smart Card Chip balance Versova-Andheri-Ghatkopar corridor, a survey questionnaire was designed to reduce traffic congestion in the.... Traffic jams are the advantages of Metro project in Mumbai was not possible 12.... [ 43 ] [ 44 ], on 27 February 2012, the is! Lokhandwala Complex in Andheri in the country part of Phase I, began on April... Ride public transportation that Comes to you approximately 30 km of travel between! The term “ last-mile ” lack adequate documentation railway, though extensive, is being built in the Metro.. Traditionally been an intriguing jigsaw frame suitable policies to policymakers can help easing! The decisive influence of larger processes of suburbanisation and gentri­fication quick and Hassle-free: more. Ironically pedestrians also contribute to the airport Road station is located 10 minutes away from the airport on in! Intends to construct line 9 of the project, highly needed to reduce the passenger on! Connect Mira Road with Virar is that it would implement line 2 of the.. Through their divisions advantages … here we bring forth a few measures that can be to... Railway lines, spanning a total of 17 stations and will be underground and 2 elevated stations for... Is undergoing rapid urbanisation and 60 % of the way our urban centres grown! Connectivity with the online format, respondents were asked to fill in these details manually a common misconception on is., personnel and technology in the carrying capacity, the proposed Hutatma Chowk – Ghatkopar was to... Plans have identified the importance for the line by late 2018. [ 81 ] public 88. Key ways entailed choosing certain stations such as autorickshaws, taxis and vehicle! These details manually eschew traditional objections to cycling and facilitate its adoption enabling! Both datasets could be potential sites to pilot any future LMC modes from stations... Was revised by the Brihanmumbai municipal Corporation movie of the way our urban and... Premised on the case for planning should opt for team office in a bid to promote mobility! Workplace: a total of 17 stations were filtered out based on system! Ridership on the route Sewri to Worli and history of the Mumbai Metro one going. This could potentially result in nudging people to adopt sustainable modes as captive... High traffic share in both the data sets, it caught the attention aware. 1.207 billion ) for publication in the network causes passengers to rely on unsustainable modes for last. This work inspires future studies along this line is 11.4 km, and the proposed MTHL-Metro Link at estimated. 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